HYDERABAD (5th Largest City in India), the capital city of
Telangana State (3rd Largest State in India).
Population of more than 50 Lacs & Agglomerated area 727 sq.
kms on the Deccan Plateau.
Location: 17o E 22’ N Latitude & 78 o 27’ Longitude
Before the city’s actual historical rise, the area where
Hyderabad would ultimately be established was under the
rule of several kingdoms, including those of Buddhist
and Hindu royalty. It came under rule by the kings of
the Chalukya kingdom, whose feudal chieftains, the
Kakatiyas, splintered off to create their new kingdom
and established it around Warangal. In 1321 AD, the
Sultanate of Delhi under the command of Muhammad bin
Tughluq brought Warangal to its knees, resulting in
anarchy in the whole region. The next few decades saw
the battles for supremacy for the region among the
Bahmani Sultanate, the Masunuri Nayakas, and the
Vijayanagara Rayas, which finally ended with the Bahmani
Sultanate exerting control by the middle of the 15th
The Qutub Shahi Dynasty
The history of Hyderabad as a city began in 1518 when
Sultan Quli Qut-ul-Mulk declared independence from the
Bahmani Sultanate and established the fortress city of
Golconda, calling himself the Sultan Quli Qutub Shah.
Decades before, Sultan Mohammed Shah Bahmani instructed
Quli Qut-ul-Mulk to quell insurgents and disturbance in
the region, a job which the future ruler carried only
too well. By the time he established the Golconda
Sultanate under the title of Sultan Quli Qutub Shah and
began the Qutub Shahi Dynasty, the Bahmani Sultanate had
completely disintegrated, splintering into five
In 1589, the city of Hyderabad was
finally built on the Musi River by the fifth sultan of
the dynasty, a mere five miles east of Golconda.
Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah dedicated it to his wife,
Bhagyamathi, and also ordered the construction of the
monument of the city, which eventually became its icon,
the Charminar on 1591, reportedly as a way to thank the
almighty for quelling a plague before it destroyed his
newly-built city. During this time and well into the
17th century, Hyderabad’s power and fame rose as it
became the center of a highly successful diamond trade.
All the Qutub sultans, great thinkers and builders as
they were, contributed hugely to the richness of
Hyderabad’s culture and affluence, attracting countless
visitors from other countries who compared it to Iran’s
beautiful city, Isfahan.
The Mughal Empire
Hyderabad’s fame finally caught the attention of the
Mughal prince Aurangzeb, who laid siege on Golconda in
1686. Aurangzeb had been spending most of his time in
the Deccan establishing and enforcing the Mughal
superiority and sovereignity. When Shah Jahan finally
died in 1666, Aurangzeb consolidated his power as
Emperor and he spent most of it trying to expand his
empire beyond that of his predecessor, Akbar the Great.
His target was Hyderabad, at that time one of the
richest cities in the area, and was reportedly
impregnable because of the protection of Golconda Fort.
Aurangzeb’s initial sieges were
failures and he had to leave in frustration. However, he
came back and it wasn’t until a nine-month long
intensive siege in 1687 when Golconda finally fell.
Legend has it that the fortress would’ve held on if it
wasn’t for a saboteur who was bribed by Aurangzeb to
open the gates at night. Sultan Abul Hassan Tana Shah,
the seventh and last king of the Qutub Shahi dynasty,
was imprisoned soon after Golconda fell. Hyderabad’s
importance declined, its flourishing diamond trade was
destroyed, and the city fell into ruins. Aurangzeb’s
attention, itself, was focused on the other parts of the
Deccan shortly after, especially with the Marathas
steadily gaining ground, albeit slowly, against the
Rise of the Nizams
In 1724, Mir Qamar-ud-Din Siddiqi, was granted the title
of Nizam-ul-Muk (meaning Administrator of the Realm) by
the Mughal emperor as viceroy tasked to oversee parts of
the Mughal empire in behalf of the emperor. He
intermittently ruled under the title of Asaf Jah and
defeated a rival official in order to establish control
over Hyderabad. During this time, viceroys and governors
of Hyderabad have gained a considerable autonomy from
the seat of power at Delhi and, when the Mughal empire
finally crumbled down in the mid 18th century, the young
Asaf Jah declared himself independent and the dynasty of
the Nizams was established.
It would not take long before the
Nizams quickly surpassed the Mughals in the domination
of the southern parts of India, with their dominion
hitting as high as 125 million acres (roughly 510,000
square kilometers). In the two centuries that the Nizams
ruled over Hyderabad, there were a total of seven Nizams,
excluding the 13 years where the three sons of Asaf Jah
1 ruled after him; the three sons were not officially
recognized as rulers (and thus, did not get the title of
Nizam). During these two centuries, Hyderabad saw
immense growth again, both culturally and economically.
It finally became the capital with the old one, Golconda,
becoming all but abandoned. Hyderabad’s cultural glory
was again established, especially since the Nizams
themselves were great patrons of literature, art,
architecture, and food. The Nizams themselves were
counted as among the wealthiest people in the world; in
fact, the last Nizam is ranked as the fifth wealthiest
people in the history of the world today, with his
fortune at its highest pinned at US$225 billion,
adjusted to today’s value.
Integration into the Nation
When the British and French took hold over most of
India, the Nizams played a delicate game of balance and
subterfuge. They allied themselves with each side at
different times, playing an important role in the wars
involving Tipu Sultant, the French, and the British. The
Nizams eventually won the friendship of the Western
invaders without giving up their powers. As a result,
Hyderabad was still ruled by a Nizam, and it became the
largest princely state of India. As a princely state,
Hyderabad had its own currency, railways, mint, and
postal system. The citizens enjoyed no income tax.
When India finally gained its
independence in 1947, the Nizam at that time made known
his intention to become independent, either by gaining
dominion status by the British Empire or as a sovereign
ruler. The Nizam signed a Standstill Agreement with the
Indian Union which, by this time, had surrounded him on
all sides. Breakdown in law and order soon followed,
with fights between the supporters of the Nizam and the
supporters of Congress. As the violence spiraled out of
control, the newly established Indian government
initiated a police action called Operation Polo. On
September 16, 1948, the Indian army moved in to the
state of Hyderabad in five fronts. Five days later, the
Nizam’s army surrendered, and the Nizam signed the
Instrument of Accession, integrating Hyderabad into the
Indian Union as a state
Name of the city
Name of the state
||650 km² (250 sq mi)
||From Delhi - 1499 km
From Mumbai - 711 km
From Bangalore - 562 km
From Chennai - 688 km
From Kolkatta - 1516 km
||Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah
Fifth Qutb Shahi Ruler
||35,286,757 (Year 2011)
Country code of
India /STD code:
||0091, +91 or 040
||Urdu, Telugu, Hindi
| Currency of Hyderabad India:
The official language of Hyderabad is Telugu but there
are various other regional languages spoken by the
people of the state of Andhra Pradesh. English is used
for official and commercial purposes. Most people on the
streets understand and converse in English. The other
languages popular here in Hyderabad are Urdu and Hindi.
India has a single time zone. It is 5.5 hours ahead of
the GMT, 4.5 hours behind the Australian Eastern
Standard time and 11.5 hours ahead of American Eastern
Standard Time (winter).
Weather in Hyderabad is very pleasant. Temperature in
Hyderabad ranges from 11°C to 42°C.
Click below to view Live Weather Report
Shops open from 10am to 9pm daily. You needn't keep a
sharp eye on your watch when you're shopping in
Hyderabad. Our city also enjoys the reputation of being
one of the safest places to be in, so provided basic
precautions are taken, you can have peace of mind to
shop and walk around well into the night.
Usually 220 volts AC, 50Hz some areas have a DC supply.
Plugs used are of the round two and three pin type.
Adapters and voltage converters come handy if plan to
operate electrical and electronic appliances
International Direct Dialling service is widely
available all over India.
Otherwise calls must be placed through the international
operator. Country code: 91. Outgoing international code:
00. Hyderabad City code: 40.
India operates on GSM 900 networks. Coverage is
extensive. Your cell phone should support GSM 900.
How to Reach
The capital city of Hyderabad is well connected to most
major Indian cities and some overseas. Secunderabad main
station is well connected to all cities of the country.
Hyderabad is well connected to national and
international destinations with both national and
international air carriers. Needless to say you can
reach anywhere from Hyderabad in no time. Hyderabad is
centrally located and exudes a huge potential to be
transformed into a transit hub of South Asia
Being the head quarter of South Central Railway,
Hyderabad is well connected from all major cities of
India. There are railway stations at Hyderabad ((Nampally)
and Kachiguda also. Trains leaving from these two
stations can be boarded at Secunderabad railway station.
Click here for Online Reservations
Hyderbad, being Capital city is well connected by Road
from all major cities in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka,
Tamilnadu, Maharastra and Orissa.
Call Us For Booking:
+91 9700569889, or